An Overview on the First Wave of COVID-19 from February to October 2020 in Arab World

Document Type : Review Article


1 Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

2 National Institute of Material Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

3 Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

4 Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt

5 Molecular Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Basic Science, El-Galala University, Suez, Egypt

6 Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Egypt


The world faces a severe challenge to fight COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV- 2. Millions of calls for medical help were reported due to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Till now, no fixed protocols are known to cure this virus, therefore novel procedures and technologies have been made to avoid infection and death. SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the coronaviruses, which caused several epidemics in the past. Coronavirus started to invade the world from Wuhan until the present time causing fatal human and economic damages. Given that coronavirus spread in the world in a short time with high severity, the World Health Organization announced that coronavirus is a world pandemic on March 11th, 2020. This review article highlights the prevalence and mortality of COVID-19 in the Arab countries during the first wave from February to October 2020. We analyzed the data that were registered monthly in all Arab countries and calculated the indices using correlation analysis. In addition, we discussed the possible routes of infection, clinical symptoms, and biochemical alternation post-SARS-CoV-2 infection, the susceptibility of diabetic patients, immunity against SARS-CoV-2, and new approaches for the treatment of COVID-19. The presented information about COVID-19 in Arab countries can be of help to policymakers, epidemiologists, and medical specialists.